Abu  Hamid  Muhammad  Ibn  Muhammad  Al-Ghazali was  his  full  name. He  was  born  in  1058 CE. He  was  born  in  Tabaran  district  of  Tus (now part  of  Iran). His  father  died  in  poverty  and  left  the young   Al-Ghazali  and  his  brother  Ahmad  to  the  care of  a  sufi.  He  was  a  Muslim  scholar,  Law  specialist and  spiritualist.  He was  of  Persian  origin.  Islamic tradition  considers  him  a  Mujadid,  who  appears  once in  every  century  to  restore  the  faith  of  Ummah.


Al-Ghazali   studied  under  Al-juwayni   the  most outstanding  Muslim  scholer  of  his  time  in  Nishapur, perhaps  after  a  period  of  study  in  Gurgan. After Al-juwayni’s death in 1085,  Al-Ghazali  departed  from Nishapur  and  joined  the  court  of  Nizam  al-Mulk, the powerful  vizier  of   the  Seljuq  sultans,which  was  likely centered  in  Isfahan.


Ghazali   wrote  most  of  his  works  in  Arabic  and  few in  Persian. His  most  important  work  in  Persian  is
Kimyaye  Saadat”. “Zad-e-Akhrat”  is  also  an  important work  in  Persian. The  greater  part  of  it  consists  of  the Persian  translation  of  one  of  his  Arabic  books,
Bedayat  al-Hedaya”. The  most  celebrated  of  Ghazali’s works  in  Persian  is  “Naasihat ul muluk”, wrote   most probably   for  sultan  “Ahmad  Sanjar  ibn  Malekshah”.   Ghazali   mentioned   the number  of  his  works   more than  seventy  in  one  of  his   letters  to  Sultan  Sanjar  in the  late  years  of  his  life.  Some  major  works  are,

TITLE                                      TYPE

Al-Munqidh min Al-dalal                           Theology
Hujjat al-haq                                              Theology
Jwahir Al-Quran wa duraruh                    Theology
Mishkat Al-anwar                                      Theology
Tafsir al-yaqut al-tawil                              Theology
Mizan al-amal                                            Tawasuf
Fataway al-Ghazali                                    Jurisprudence
Al-wasit Fi Al-Mathab                                Jurisprudence
Kitab TahzibAl-Isul                                     Jurisprudence
Asas Al-Qiyas                                            Jurisprudence


Ghazali  belonged  to  Shafi  school  of  Islamic  jurisprudence  and  to  the  Asharite  school  of  theology.  Ghazali  received  many  titles  such  as  “SHARAF-UL-AIMMA”, “ZAYN-UD-DIN”  and   “HUJJAT-UL-ISLAM”.  His  beliefs  and  thoughts  differ  in some  aspects  from  the  orthodox   Asharite  school.

  Al-Ghazali   died  in  19   December  1111   in   ‘Tus greater Khorasan.’

  • “To get what you love, you must first be patient with what you hate.” Ghazali
  • “The real friend is the one who, when you ask him to follow you, doesn’t ask where?” Ghazali
  • “A man of bad character punishes his own soul.” Ghazali
  • “For good health control your diet.” Ghazali
  • “The hypocrite looks for faults, the believer looks for excuses.” Ghazali
  • “Those who look for seashells will find seashells; those who open them will find pearls.” Ghazali
  • “The tongue is very small and light but it can take you to the greatest heights and it can put you in the lowest depths.” Ghazali
  • “When God loves a slave, He increases people’s need for him.” Ghazali
  • “Take every effort to guard your tongue, as it is the strongest cause for your destruction.” Ghazali

  • “Soft words soften the hearts that are harder than rock, harsh words harden hearts that are softer than silk.” Ghazali

  • “The way to Paradise is an uphill climb, whereas Hell is downhill. Hence, there is a struggle to Paradise and not to Hell.” Ghazali

  • “The true greatness of man lies in his eternal progress.” Ghazali